Figure 1: Portrait of Galen. Lithograph by Pierre Roche Vigneron. (Paris: Lithographie de Grégoire et Deneux, ca. 1865) (Source).
The Paracelsian Influence on Ottoman MedicineLEARN MORE
Galen's concept of medicine which dominated the medical world almost nearly for fifteen centuries began to...
Arabic botanical manuscript from the 15th century arranged in alphabetical order with illustrations of plants in vivid colours at Princeton University Library, MS 583H. © Princeton University Library, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections. See the electronic edition of the manuscript.
Al-Dinawari Advances BotanyLEARN MORE
Abu Hanifa al-Dinawari (d.895 A.D) lived in Andalusia, Muslim Spain. His work has been made known by the...
Figure 2: Professor Jim Al-Khalili at the conference "Muslim Heritage in our World: Social Cohesion" at Hoare Memorial Hall, Church House, Westminster (15 October 2008). (© FSTC 2008)
Figure 3: Illustration from Kitab Al Hayawan (Book of Animals) of Al-Jahiz (Source).
Figure 4: Image from The Book of Animals of al-Jahiz. Current locatio: Pinacoteca Ambrosiana in Mailand, Italy. Source: The Yorck Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei. DVD-ROM, 2002 (Source).
Figure 2: Satellite global map of the Mediterranean. (Source).
Figure 3: Model of a "chebec", an Arab ship famous for its speed and maneuverability. The chebec proved so useful as a fast raider, despatch boat or even merchant ship that versions of it were adopted in other countries. (Source).
Figure 4: Front cover of European and Islamic Trade in the Early Ottoman State: The Merchants of Genoa and Turkey by Kate Fleet (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Figure 5: View of Najjarin Funduq in Fez, Morocco. Like the Caravanserais, the Funduq is a North African term for a small, urban shop complex. A typical funduq is a square two-storey structure built around a central courtyard with shops on one floor and store rooms on the other. (Source).
Figure 6: Covered Bazaar in Istanbul. View from the Beyazit Gate, leading into the Kalpakçilar Street at its western end. Above the entrance is the royal monogram (tugra) of Abdülhamid II (1876-1909), marking the construction of the gate during the 1892-94 restoration. A short Arabic phrase included in the monogram medallion says: "God loves the one who does trade". (Source).
Figure 7: Front cover of Trade and Civilisation in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750 by K. N. Chaudhuri (Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Figure 2: Vidinli Tawfiq Pasha's tomb stone (photo by Simo Pimtanen). Source: IMAGE The Bulletin of the International Linear Algebra Society, 19 (Summer/Fall 1997), p. 15.
Figure 3: Irish stamp on the Quaternions, issued by Ireland on May 4, 1983. (Source).
Figure 4: The original edition of Linear Algebra published in 1882.
Figure 5: Front cover of Linear Algebra published by the Istanbul Technical University in 1988.