Figure 1: Imaginary portrait of Al-Ghazali. (Source).
Al-Ghazali's Theory of EducationLEARN MORE
Al-Ghazali (1058-1111) was one of the most influential Muslim thinkers. A jurist, logician, theologian, and...
Figure 4: A creative model of a device designed by al-Jazari (chapter 6 of category III) used for measuring blood lost during phlebotomy (bloodletting) sessions, a popular therapy in the medieval world. Taken from a MS of al-Jazari's treatise copied in Egypt in 1354. (Source).
Figure 2: General view of the first floor of the museum.
Figure 4: A poster displayed at the museum showing medical students and teachers of the Ottoman period, during an anatomy course going through dissection of corpses.
Figure 5: Room for the researchers, where tiles are exhibited in the wardrobes.
Figure 6: Display of hand made reproductions of miniature paintings related with Islamic, Seljukian and Ottoman medical practice.
Figure 7: Pathology room.
Figure 8: Tools used for preparing hand made drugs are exhibited in the room assigned for the display of drug therapy.
Figure 9: Ancient surgical instruments and posters exhibited in the room of surgical therapy.
Figure 2: Rustam's birth: Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws, at the Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1520, fol. 72b.). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 3: Hippocrates on the simurg on his way to prepare drugs (Falname, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1703, fol. 38b). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 4: Rustam's birth: Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1496, fol. 60a.). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 5: The birth of the calf named Purmaye. Image from Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws), Türk Islam Eserleri Müzesi Kütüphanesi, 1978, fol. 15b). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 6: Newly born albino Zal. Image from Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws), Türk Islam Eserleri Müzesi Kütüphanesi, 1978, fol. 41a). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 7: Zal, the albino, on the simurg. Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws), Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Album No 2153, vr. 23a). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Figure 8: The petition room (arz odasi) of the Ottoman Sultans living in the Topkapi Palace. (© Salim Aydüz).
Figure 2: Page from the Latin translation of Isagoge Johannitii in Tegni Galeni, a medical book by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (ca. 809-873). (Source).
Figure 3: View of Kitab al-Malaki (Royal book) of Ali ibn al-‘Abbas al-Majusi (fl. 940-980), known as Haly Abbas, which exerted a strong influence on the Western universities. Dedicated to a Prince of Shiraz, this well-organized compendium of medical theory and practice purported to contain everything a physician needed to know for proceeding with treatment. (Source).
Figure 4: Detail from the Latin version of Haly Abbas's Liber Totius Medicine Necessaria (1523). (Source).
Figure 5a-b: Page of Yuhanna Ibn Masawayh's (d. 857-858) Liber de simplicibus (13th-14th centuries). Treasured in the Middle Ages as a sort of "physician's desk reference," this work on simples and their applications has a remarkable number of decorative initial letters. (Source).
Figure 6a-b: Two pages from volume 30 of the book of medicine and surgery Al-Tasrif by Abu-l-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis), as preserved in a manuscript in The Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences in Baku. (Source a) - (Source b).
Figure 7a-b: Two pages from the original manuscript of Al-Tasrif depicting surgical instruments. © Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences in Baku (Source a) – (Source b).
Figure 8a-b: Front views of two Islamic hospitals: The bimaristan of Nur al-Din in Damascus, founded in 1154, and the Complex of Sultan al-Mansur Qalawun (Mausoleum, Madrasa and Hospital) in Cairo, founded in 1285 . (Source a) - (Source b).
Figure 9: Medical prescription issued by the director of the Bimaristan Qalawun dating from the 9th century H/15th century CE, Mamluk period. © Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo. (Source).
Figure 10: Pages 270-271 from an 18th century edition of Rhazes' treatise on smallpox and measles: Maqāla fī al-jadarī wa al-hasbah (De variolis et morbillis), in Arabic and with a Latin translation by Salomon Negri, a Melkite priest from Damascus. Glasgow University Library Special Collections Department, MS Hunter 133. (Source).