FEATURED ARTICLES

Daily Sabah: A woman with a past
Taken from www.dailysabah.com/features/2014/07/12/a-woman-with-a-past: Fatima al-Fihri, a Muslim woman activist from the annals of history has been reintroduced to inspire future generations.
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The role of Ibn Sina (Avicenna)’s Medical Poem in the transmission of medical knowledge to medieval Europe
Were you aware that in the Medieval Islamic world, celebrated scientists such as Ibn Sina used to relay their teachings through  poetry? Poems structure and rhythm  aided the process of...
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Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of Empires
The 14th-century historiographer and historian Abu Zayd ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun was a brilliant scholar and thinker now viewed as a founder of modern historiography, sociology and economics....
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The Invention of Spectacles between the East and the West
The following article by the expert scholar Lutfallah Gari surveys the historical sources to uncover the ancient history of the invention of spectacles. To the question "where and when were they...
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Precious Records of Eclipses in Muslim Astronomy and History
On the occasion of the lunar eclipse that occurs on 28 August 2007, we produce a short survey of some records of lunar and solar eclipses reported on in Muslim heritage, drawn from various sources,...
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Rotterdam to host major 1001 Inventions Exhibition
Award-winning show about the scientific achievements of Muslim Civilisation
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The European Muslim Heritage and its Role in the Development of Europe
In a keynote lecture pronounced by Professor Salim T S Al-Hassani in September 2003 at the European Parliament in Brussels, he used slides and 3-D animations to outline the impressive heritage which...
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New Discoveries in the Islamic Complex of Mathematics, Architecture and Art
The complex of disciplines composed of mathematics, architecture and art in Islamic civilisation has been an important field of recent research. The scholars showed the interaction between...
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The Sound Rules in Reading the Quran (Tajwid) in Qutb Al-Din al-Shirazi’s Music Notation
In the Islamic world, starting from Al-Kindī (d. 874), Al-Fārābī (d. 950), Ibn Sīnā (d. 1034), and Safī al-Dīn al-Urmawī (d. 1294) used the abjad notation to write music. Of these writers, the most...
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Dialogue of Civilisations: From Ancient Maya to the Islamic world
As a means to explore ancient civilisations contributions to modern civilisation, the National Geographic Society, The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) and supporting...
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The Mechanical Water Clock Of Ibn Al-Haytham
The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) announces their new achievement in the history of Islamic clocks. For the first time, the work of Ibn al-Haytham on the water...
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President of FSTC with Dick and Dom in "Absolute Genius" CBBC Programme
Scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman and artist Al-Jazari featured on Dick and Dom's "Absolute Genius", Wednesday 26th February at 5:30 pm, CBBC. In a bid to engage pre-school...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Terminological issues of Islamic Architecture
Terminological issues are connected with the use of "Muslim" and "Islamic" architecture. The two words are...
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Figure 1: The Muslim Heritage Awareness Group (MHAG)
Proceedings of the Muslim Heritage Awareness Group Meeting
The Muslim Heritage Awareness Group (MHAG), a network of supporters and key associates of the Foundation for...
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Al-Kindi, Cryptography, Code Breaking and Ciphers
Cryptography paved the way for the development of arguably humanity's greatest achievements yet, Computers,...
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PICTURE GALLERIES

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Figure 2: Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock in Al-Quds (Source).
Figure 3: Front cover of The Best Divisions for the Knowledge of the Regions, the English translation of Al-Muqaddasi's Ahasan al-Taqasim Fi Ma'rifat al-Aqalim by Basil Anthony Collins (Garnet Publishing, 2000).
Figure 4: Front cover of the Arabic text of Ahsan at-taqasim fi ma'rifat al-aqalim by Muhamad Ibn Ahamd Al-Muqaddasi (Beirut, 2003).
Figure 5: Two pages from a copy of the Holy Qur'an written by the female Palestinian calligrapher Zaynab b. Kamal al-Din al-Maqdisiya in 731 H/1330 CE. This piece is displayed in the Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo (Source).
Figure 6: World map by Ibn Hawqal, commentated by Shiva Balaghi (see: "The World according to the Andalusians: Cultural Flow and Geography": Source).
Figure 7a-b: Views of the oldest Islamic epigraphy in the world located in Al-Masjid al-'Umari in Nuba, near Al-Khalil, in Palestine. The mosque was built on the remains of the old mosque which is said to have been built by Caliph 'Umar Ibn Al-Khatab after that the Muslims conquered Palestine in 636 H (Source).
Figure 8: European historical maps of Palestine, from the 18th century (Source).
Figure 2: An Ottoman Bazar scene. Topkapi Palace Museum Library, MS H1365, fol. 93a.
Figure 3: A plant figure. Source: Abdullah b. Ahmad al-Andalusi Ibn Baytar, Câmiu mufredat al-adviya wa'l-agdiya. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya Collection, MS 3748.
Figure 4: A plant figure. Source: Ibn Baytar, Câmiu mufredat al-adviya wa'l-agdiya. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya Coll., MH 3748.
Figure 5: A plant figure. Source: Ibn Baytar, Câmiu mufredat al-adviya wa'l-agdiya. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya Coll., MS 3748.
Figure 6: A painting of two sea creatures: stingray and cuttlefish. Source: Ibn Baytar, Câmiu mufredat al-adviya wa'l-agdiya. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya Coll., MS 3748.
Figure 7: Makers of the sweet (halva) "ma'muniyya" for the adynamia (Surnâme-i Hümayun, year 1582). Topkapi Palace Museum Library, MS H1344.). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 8: Makers of a sweet called "halva" (Surnâme-i Hümayun, year 1582). Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1344.). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 9: Soup cooks. (Album, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Ahmed III Collection, MS 3690). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 10: The Palace head coffee maker (Album, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Ahmed III Collection, MS 3690). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 11: A parade of syrup makers. (Surnâme-i Hümayun, year 1582). Topkapi Palace Museum Library, MS H1344.). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 2: An illustration of a medical practitioner during treatment of a patient. (Source: Millet Kutuphanesi, Ali Emiri, nr. 79.).
Figure 3: View from the exhibition in Edirne History of Medicine Museum. (Source).
Figure 4: Süleymaniye Medical Madrasa in Istanbul. See Salim Ayduz, Suleymaniye Medical Madrasa.
Figure 5: Early anatomical scene from the treatise of surgery by Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
Figure 7: Example of the application of the cautery for the treatment of wounds and bleeding in Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu's book. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
Figure 8: Illustration showing the use of a rack to straighten the spine in the manuscript of Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.

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