Figure 1: Dr Okasha El-Daly presenting his lecture at the International Conference 1001 Inventions: Discover the Muslim Heritage in our World organised by FSTC in Manchester on 8 March 2006.
Okasha El-Daly Lectures at Leeds on Muslim Heritage in Our WorldLEARN MORE
The Leeds University Islamic Awareness Week organised by students, invited Dr. Okasha El Daly to deliver the...
Figure 1: Performers with sailing boats are pictured during the Opening Ceremony for the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics at the National Stadium on August 8, 2008 in Beijing, China. (Photo credit: Cameron Spencer/Getty Images). (Source ).
Zheng He - the Chinese Muslim AdmiralLEARN MORE
The Beijing Olympic Games started on Friday 8 August 2008 with a dramatic opening ceremony featuring a cast...
Figure 1. Horseshoe arches, Ummayad Mosque in Damascus.
The Horseshoe and Transverse ArchesLEARN MORE
The first Muslim adaptation and modification of the design of the arch occurred in the invention of the...
'Arabick Roots' of science and medicine exhibitionLEARN MORE
Sheikha Mozah and FSTC at Royal launch in London
Figure 2: Front cover of Al-Duktūr Ahmad Salīm Sa‘īdān: Mukhtārāt min intājihi al-fikrī, selected and introduced by Khālid Ahmad Jarrār (Amman, 2002).
Figure 3: A page from a 13th-century Arabic recension (tahrīr) of Euclid's Elements by Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī. © Edinburgh University Library. (Source).
Figure 4: A page from Kitāb al-jabr wa l-muqābala, the first extant algebra text, written in about 825 by Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī. (Source).
Figure 5: Page from a manuscript of the Algebra (Maqālah fi al-jabr wa-al muqābalah) of ‘Umar Al-Khayyām (1048-1131). Manuscript on paper, 56 leaves, 13th century. Columbia University Libraries, RBML, Smith Oriental MS 45. (Source).
Figure 6: Page from Al-Kitāb al-Fakhrī [the Fakhri book] of the mathematician Al-Karajī (d. 1029) in which he presented geometric demonstrations of an equation. (Source).
Figure 7: Front cover of Muqaddima li-tārīkh al-fikr al-‘ilmī fī al-islām (Introduction to the history of scientific thought in Islam) by Ahmad Salīm Sa‘īdān (Kuwait, 1988, ‘Ālam al-ma‘rifa, No. 131).
Figure 8: Page from a Latin version of Euclid's Elements, Liber elementorum in artem geometria (Venice, 1482). This Latin version is thought to have been translated from Arabic by the English scholar Adelard of Bath (12th century), with a commentary by Campanus of Novara. (Source).
Figure 9: Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī's (d. 1274 CE) record of Euclid's proof of the Pythagorean Theorem. (Source).
Figure 10: Extract from an Arabic mathematical text on the concept of the decimal fractions, which is attributed to Stevin (around 1600), whilst the existence of such fractions in Arabic mathematical works is attested as early as the 10th century. (Source). See: Seeking Science from the Lands of Islam by George Saliba.
Figure 2: Ibn Sina drawing by A. Suheyl Unver (Source).
Figure 3: A class at the Gazanfer Aga Madrasa founded in 1566 (image from Divan-i Nadiri, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 899) (Source).
Figure 4: Page from the oldest copy of the second volume of The Canon Of Medicine by Ibn Sina, preserved in The Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences; part of Memory of the World Project sponsored by the UNESCO (Source).
Figure 5: Front cover of Ibn Sina, Avicenne: la vie & l'œuvre by Sleim Ammar (Tunis: L'or du temps, 1998) (Source).
Figure 6: Page from an illuminated manuscript of the Latin translation of the Canon of Medicine by Ibn Sina (Source).
Figure 7: Commemorative medal issued by the UNESCO in 1980 to mark the 1000th birth anniversary of Ibn Sina. The obverse depicts a scene showing Avicenna surrounded by his disciples, inspired by a miniature in a 17th-century Turkish manuscript; whilst on the reverse is a phrase by Avicenna in Arabic and Latin: "Cooperate for the well-being of the body and the survival of the human species" (Source). The UNESCO established the Avicenna Prize for Ethics in Science in 2002 (see brochure: Avicenna and the ethics of science and technology today, UNESCO, 2004).
Figure 8: Madrasat al-'Attarin (Attarin school) in Fez, Morocco, a classical school built in 1350-55 CE by the Merinid Sultan Abu ‘Inan (Source).
Figure 2: Vaginal speculum, 2 types of forceps and double-edged scalpel (suspended). From a 1271 Arabic copy of al-Zahrawi's Surgery, written in the 10th century. Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, MS Marsh 54, fol. 68v. © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, 2007.
Figure 3: Vaginal speculum. From a 14th-century Latin copy of al-Zahrawi's Surgery. British Library, Add. MS 36617, fol. 28v. © British Library. Permission for the publication of this photo was allowed to the authors by The British Library.