Figure 1: An artistic impression of Al-Kindi (Image from www.muslimheritage.com).
Ya'qub b. Ishaq al-Kindi was an early Arab scholar of the 9th century, one of the first great scientists that...
Figure 2: Diagram of the eye in Kamal al-Din al-Farisi's Kitab Tanqih al-Manazir. Source: Tanqîh al-Manazir, Istanbul, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Ahmed III, MS 3340, folio 25b.
Figure 2: Front cover of Afghan Caravan by Safia Shah and Idries Shah (Octagon Press, 1990, paperback) in which a variant of the story narrated by the author can be found (see p. 164).
Figure 3: Shaikh Mihna and the Peasant: Page from a manuscript of the Mantiq al-Tayr (The Language of the Birds) of Farid al-Din ‘Attar (ca. 1142–1220). This painting illustrates a story that stresses the importance of the quest (talab). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. (Source).
Figure 31: Illustration from a Kalila wa-Dimna manuscript (1200–1220 CE, Bibliothéque Nationale, Paris, France). This is an illustration from Ibn al-Muqaffa's work entitled Kalila wa-Dimna, which he translated from Persian to Arabic in the middle of the 8th century CE. This book of animal fables with a moral and a political message became, and still is, immensely popular, and was a landmark in the development of Arabic literary prose in the Golden Age of Islam. (Source).
Figure 2: Chart showing the subject classification of Kitab al-Mûjaz fi al-Tibb of Ibn al-Nafis.
Figure 3: Anatomical drawing of the maxillary sutures in one of the original manuscripts of Ibn al-Nafis' book Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun. Source: Ibn al-Nafis, Kitab Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun (Cairo, 1988).
Figure 4: Anatomical drawing of the maxillary sutures in another original manuscript of Ibn al-Nafis' book Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun. Source: Ibn al-Nafis, Kitab Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun (Cairo, 1988).