FEATURED ARTICLES

Eye Specialists in Islamic Cultures
"I invite you... to go back with me 1000 years to consider the fascinating history of the old Arabian ophthalmology which I have studied in the past five years." With these words Julius Hirschberg,...
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The Science of Restoring and Balancing – The Science of Algebra
Muslim contributions in the field of mathematics have been both varied and far reaching. This article by Mahbub Ghani (from the Department of Electronic Engineering at King's College, London...
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Zheng He - the Chinese Muslim Admiral
The Beijing Olympic Games started on Friday 8 August 2008 with a dramatic opening ceremony featuring a cast of thousands performers that celebrated the arts and achievements of China's long history....
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The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey
In this article, Anthony Garnaut, an expert of the Muslim Chinese culture, focuses on the Islamic heritage in China and its relevance to understanding both the evolution of Chinese history and...
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The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters
An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by Muslim Kung Fu, developed throughout history by Muslim Masters, who merged in their endeavour and training between physical and spiritual...
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The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh
Abu `Ali Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Ya'qub Miskawayh (932-1030) is a brilliant intellectual and philosopher of 10th-century Buwayhid Baghdad. His effect on Islamic philosophy is mainly concerned with...
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Architecture of Al-Azhar
Of the many splendours of Egypt, the Al-Azhar stands as a landmark in its architectural and cultural history, marking the beginning of the Fatimid rule and the foundation of its capital Cairo (Al-...
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The Observation Well
Observation wells received much historical interest relating to observatories. In this article Prof. Aydin Sayili describes the history of "observation wells" both in Islamic and European worlds.
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Go Green Week 9-15 February 2015
As Monday 9th February, 2015 until Sunday 15th February, 2015 mark “Go Green Week”, Muslim Heritage has compiled a list of articles regarding environmental sustainability in Muslim...
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FSTC Newsletter Issue 11: January 2015
Dear readers of our Newsletter, Another year has passed and a new one has commenced with more successes and challenges to our noble mission. Professor Gomati and I would like to take this...
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FSTC at Second International Conference in Sharjah
FSTC and CE4tF are very pleased to have participated in the Second International Conference on Arabs’ and Muslims’ History of Science and the eleventh Conference on the Space Sciences and...
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UNESCO Announces 1001 Inventions Partnership
1000 Years of Arabic Optics to be a focus of the United Nations proclaimed 'International Year of Light' in 2015.
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RECENT ARTICLES

Dr Salim Ayduz presenting his lecture.
Muslim Contributions to Modern Civilisation
Dr Salim Ayduz, researcher at FSTC, presented on Tuesday 9 February 2010 a conference on the Muslim...
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Kufa
Being the home of the encyclopaedic scholar Al-kindi and the great chemist Jabir Ibn Hayan, Kufa had a key...
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12th Century Cookery from all the World
This historical masterpiece on Arab/Islamic cooking by Kammaluddin Ibn Al-Adeem a famous historian, religious...
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FSTC President at Vienna ISV Day
President of the Foundation for Science Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) gave a speech at IGMG's ISVDAY(...
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Figure 1. Ibn Battuta as imagined by a present day artist. Muslim Heritage Consulting ©
Ibn Battuta
The Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta is known as the greatest traveller of premodern times. He lived in the 8th...
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PICTURE GALLERIES

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Figure 2: Diagram of the eye in Kamal al-Din al-Farisi's Kitab Tanqih al-Manazir. Source: Tanqîh al-Manazir, Istanbul, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Ahmed III, MS 3340, folio 25b.
Figure 2: Front cover of Afghan Caravan by Safia Shah and Idries Shah (Octagon Press, 1990, paperback) in which a variant of the story narrated by the author can be found (see p. 164).
Figure 3: Shaikh Mihna and the Peasant: Page from a manuscript of the Mantiq al-Tayr (The Language of the Birds) of Farid al-Din ‘Attar (ca. 1142–1220). This painting illustrates a story that stresses the importance of the quest (talab). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. (Source).
Figure 31: Illustration from a Kalila wa-Dimna manuscript (1200–1220 CE, Bibliothéque Nationale, Paris, France). This is an illustration from Ibn al-Muqaffa's work entitled Kalila wa-Dimna, which he translated from Persian to Arabic in the middle of the 8th century CE. This book of animal fables with a moral and a political message became, and still is, immensely popular, and was a landmark in the development of Arabic literary prose in the Golden Age of Islam. (Source).
Figure 2: Chart showing the subject classification of Kitab al-Mûjaz fi al-Tibb of Ibn al-Nafis.
Figure 3: Anatomical drawing of the maxillary sutures in one of the original manuscripts of Ibn al-Nafis' book Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun. Source: Ibn al-Nafis, Kitab Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun (Cairo, 1988).
Figure 4: Anatomical drawing of the maxillary sutures in another original manuscript of Ibn al-Nafis' book Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun. Source: Ibn al-Nafis, Kitab Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun (Cairo, 1988).

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