FEATURED ARTICLES

Oxford Museum of the History of Science Online Al-Mizan Exhibition
The Oxford Museum of the History of Science launched an online Al-Mizan Exhibition, this exhibition explores the connections between the sciences and arts in societies from Muslim...
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Islamic Astronomy from “Star Wars” to Star Tables
The most obvious difference between modern and Islamic astronomy is that the latter is primarily mathematical and predictive, and the former has other observational goals, such as describing the...
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Royal Launch for 1001 Inventions in Jordan
The award-winning 1001 Inventions exhibition aims to create awareness amongst youth about the rich legacy of creativity and innovation in Muslim civilization aiming to inspire them to build a better...
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The West Owes a Debt to Islam: Interview with Prof Glen Cooper
byuradio.org Episode: Top Of Mind With Julie Rose - Radio Interview (Podcast) with Prof Glen Cooper Transcript: The West Owes a Debt to Islam.  Professor Glen Cooper discusses the...
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'Ibn Al-Haytham: The Man Who Discovered How We see" Arabic Book at Sharjah International Book Fair
The presentation of the book at SIBF is accompanied by screenings of the short film “1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham” for children visiting on organised school visits.
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Buried Evidence: Islamic Viking Burial Garments
As predicted in our previous article dating back to May 2015, additional studies and research have indeed revealed more artefacts illustrating European and Islamic Civilisation interconnectivity....
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Children in Berlin Excited to Meet Ibn Al-Haytham
At the Ibn Al-Haytham event children join a wondrous journey to fascinating ancient times through the eyes of Ibn al-Haytham, the 11th century pioneering scientific thinker from Arabia, who made...
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Science and Engineering in the Islamic Heritage Symposium
“Science and Engineering in the Islamic Heritage”, a Symposium organised by Al-Furqān Islamic Heritage Foundation – Centre for the Study of Islamic Manuscripts, in co-operation with the Foundation...
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ANNOUNCEMENT: New Annotated Reference (Text Only) Edition of 1001 Inventions Book
New Annotated Reference (Text Only) Edition of 1001 Inventions: The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Civilisation
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A Tale of Two Civilisations: The Viking and the Muslim Civilisation
Dating back to March 2015, news regarding the discovery of a ring found on a Viking woman in an ancient burial ground with the inscription 'For/To Allah' erupted in mainstream media. The mystery...
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Water Sterilization Technology in Muslim Civilisation
It is known that contaminated water contains many bacteria and harmful viruses that cause many diseases such as typhoid, cholera, dysentery, meningitis and poliomyelitis, etc. Water-related diseases...
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Berlin Science Week to Feature Public Event on Ibn Al-Haytham
1001 Inventions is organising “Ibn Al Haytham: The Man Who Discovered How We See” educational experience for the first time in Germany as an anchor event of the Berlin Science Week.
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© 1001 inventions House of Wisdom Sketch
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Figure 2. Ibn al-Haytham's Camera Obscura. The concept of the Camera Obscuraas perceived a thousand years ago by Ibn al-Haytham, who coined the Arabic term. Note the formation of the inverted image through a ray diagram. Illustration of theCamera Obscura in 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World (chief editor Salim Al-Hassani), Manchester: FSTC, 2008, 2nd Edition, ISBN: 9780955242618, p. 29. See also The Year of Ibn al-Haytham (published 15/02/2011) and Ahmed H. Zewail,Micrographia of the twenty-first century: from Camera Obscura to 4D microscopy(The Royal Society, 2010).
Figure 3. 4D electron imaging in real, Fourier and energy spaces. The conceptual design of Caltech’s UEM-2 is presented on the right; a single-electron trajectory is depicted within the UEM. The atomic-scale (femtosecond) temporal resolution characteristic of the apparatus allows for the visualization of dynamical processes in real time. Shown on the left are typical UEM frames of real-space images and diffraction patterns, together with three-dimensional maps of femtosecond-resolved electron-energy-loss spectra (FEELS). For a recent review, seeShorokhov & Zewail (2009).
Figure 4. Microscopy time line, from camera obscura to three-dimensional electron microscopes. 4D ultrafast electron microscopy and diffraction were developed a decade ago. The top inset shows the frontispiece to Hooke’s (1665) Micrographia published by the Royal Society of London. In the frontispiece to Hevelius’s Selenographia (bottom inset), Ibn al-Haytham representsRatione (the use of reason) with his geometrical proof and Galileo represents Sensu (the use of the senses) with his telescope. The two scientists hold the book’s title page between them, suggesting a harmony between the methods (Sabra 2003; Steffens 2006; Zewail & Thomas 2009).

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