FEATURED ARTICLES

Ibn Yunus and The Pendulum: A History of Errors
In this article, Professor David A. King explores the authenticity of the statement that tenth-century Egyptian astronomer Ibn Yūnus was the first person to use a pendulum to measure time. After...
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1001 Inventions Bahrain Exhibition
Blockbuster exhibition will be anchor attraction at ‘Zidni Ilman’
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On 23 April the World Celebrates the Book
World Book Day or World Book and Copyright Day is a yearly event on 23 April, organized by UNESCO to promote reading, publishing and copyright. On this occasion, we are pleased to invite visitors and...
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Earth Day
Muslim Heritage is very happy to announce that today, 22nd April, is Earth Day. Earth Day is a day of events and observances intended to inspire awareness of and appreciation for the Earth's...
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An Obituary: Professor Rabie El-Said Abdel-Halim
We have just received the sad news of the passing of Professor Rabie El-Said Abdel-Halim. He passed away in his sleep this morning 15th April 2015 Wednesday. May he rest in peace, and may his family...
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Ibn Sina's The Canon of Medicine
The Sheikh al-Ra'is Sharaf al-Mulk Abu ‘Ali al-Husayn b. ‘Abd Allah b. al-Hasan b. ‘Ali Ibn Sina, in Latin he is know as Avicenna and his most famous works are those on philosophy and medicine....
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Slovenian Prime Minister Launches 1001 Inventions In Ljubljana
VIP Audience Celebrates Central European Premiere of Muslim Heritage Exhibition
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World Health Day 7th April: Muslim Heritage in Medicine
World Health Day is celebrated on 7th April each year to mark the anniversary of the founding of WHO (World Health Organisation) in 1948. During Muslim civilisation, various scholars made interesting...
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The Suhayl 2014 Vol 13
The Suhayl 2014 Vol 13 - International Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation FSTC is pleased to bring to the attention of readers the availability...
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EuroNews.com: Brussels exhibition highlights Ottoman influence
"The Sultan’s World exhibition runs in Brussels until 31 May 2015. It then travels to Krakow, Poland."
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The renaissance of astronomy in Baghdad in the 9th and 10th centuries
[Note of the editor] This article was published in 2003 as: David A. King, "The renaissance of astronomy in Baghdad in the ninth and tenth centuries: A list of publications, mainly from the last 50...
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International Women's Day 2015
To celebrate Women’s Day on 8th March, no way is better than reproducing a collection of articles written by FSTC scholars and associates on the achievements of women in Muslim...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Figure 1. Cairo plan from Pîrî Reis b. Haci Muhammad's book Kitâb-i Bahriye, Suleymaniye Library, Ayasofya 2612.
Historians of Egypt
This article reviews in some details of the extensive efforts by Muslims in recordings of the history of...
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Muslim Roots, U.S. Blues
To many the idea that American blues music has its origins with Muslims and even the Islamic call to prayer...
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1001 Inventions welcomes 450,000 visitors in Jeddah
Jeddah, KSA, February 16, 2014 – More than 450,000 people visited an award-winning 1001 Inventions exhibition...
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Interview with Anthony Garnaut: Islam in China
Islam in China and the contribution of the Muslim community of China to Muslim heritage is the theme of this...
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A New Book by George Saliba: Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance
This article reviews the new book Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance by George Saliba...
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Figure 1: Map of Iraq, showing the location of Mosul in the northern provinces.
Figure 2: Quran frontpiece from Mosul dated to 710 H. (Source).
Figure 3: Siege of Mosul (1261–1262) in Jami' al-tawarikh, by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, painting dated 1430. Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des Manuscrits, Division orientale, Supplément persan, MS 1113, fol. 190. (Source).
Figure 4: Coin of Badruddin Lu‘lu (bronze, 8.81 g) minted in Mosul in the Zangid period, 521-648 H/ 1127-1250 CE. Harvard Art Museums, Department of Islamic and Later Indian Art, Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art. (Source).
Figure 5: Scene from an Arabic version of Dioscorides' Materia Medica depicting Dioscorides and a disciple holding a mandrake, by Yusuf al Mawsili (Mosul, 1228 CE), in the Topkapi Palace Library in Istanbul. (Source).
Figure 6: Munajat (Confidential Talks) of 'Ali ibn Abu-Talib in a non-illustrated manuscript dated ca. 1200 CE, from Iraq, possibly Mosul. Ink, gold, and opaque watercolor on paper; morocco leather binding. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession number 1995.324. The similarity of the calligraphy of its title and the surrounding illuminated scrolls to another manuscript dated and attributed to Mosul provides the basis for attributing this piece. (Source).
Image 1 Figure 7a-b: Two images from the illustrated manuscript of Kitab al-diryaq from Mosul School, mid-13th century CE; Vienna, Nationalbibliothek, MS AF 10: (a). A Seljuq court (Source 1); (b) a scene with animals. (Source 2). The treatise is an Arabic biographical dictionary, of which the content concerns the theriac, the famed 'universal antidote' of Antiquity. The book's unifying feature as a collective biography is the physicians' contribution to the development of the theriac; each physician's recipe follows his biography.
Image 2 Figure 7a-b: Two images from the illustrated manuscript of Kitab al-diryaq from Mosul School, mid-13th century CE; Vienna, Nationalbibliothek, MS AF 10: (a). A Seljuq court (Source 1); (b) a scene with animals. (Source 2). The treatise is an Arabic biographical dictionary, of which the content concerns the theriac, the famed 'universal antidote' of Antiquity. The book's unifying feature as a collective biography is the physicians' contribution to the development of the theriac; each physician's recipe follows his biography.
Figure 1: A page showing a sophisticated zīj table from Ibn al-Majdi, Al-Durr al-Yatim fi Sina'at al-Falak wa Taqwim, also known as Zij ibn al-Majdi, treatise on astronomy, copied by Ali bin Yusuf al-Rifa'i al-Tuluni, North Africa, dated 1064 H/1653 CE.
Figure 2a-b: A page showing respectively high quality astronomical drawings and the colophon, from the manuscript of Ibn al-Majdi's treatise Irshad al-ha'ir ila takhtit fadl al-da'ir (Guide to the Right Path for the Perplexed in Drawing [Lines] of Surplus of Turn'). Treatise on drawing horary lines on the sundials in three parts: on horizontal sundials; on vertical sundials; on oblique sundials, copied by 'Ali bin Hasan, Near East, dated 886 H/1481 CE.
Figure 2a-b: A page, showing respectively high quality astronomical drawings and the colophon, from the manuscript of Ibn al-Majdi's treatise Irshad al-ha'ir ila takhtit fadl al-da'ir (Guide to the Right Path for the Perplexed in Drawing [Lines] of Surplus of Turn'). Treatise on drawing horary lines on the sundials in three parts: on horizontal sundials; on vertical sundials; on oblique sundials, copied by 'Ali bin Hasan, Near East, dated 886 H/1481 CE.

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