Figure 1. A section of the world map produced by Pîrî Reis and presented to Sultan Selim I in 1517. (The original is in Topkapi Palace Museum Library, no. H. 1824.)
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Painting of Queen Amina of Zaria by Floyd Cooper. (Source).
Front cover of The Forgotten Queens of Islam by Fatima Mernissi, translated from French by Mary Jo Lakeland (University of Minnesota Press, 1993, hardcover).
Two Andalusian Arab women playing chess, with a girl playing lute (Chess Problem #19, F18R) , from Alphonso X's Book of Games (Libro de los Juegos). The book was commissioned between 1251 and 1282 CE by Alphonso X, King of Leon and Castile. It reflects the presence of the Islamic legacy in Christian Spain. It is now housed at the monastery library of St. Lorenze del Escorial. (Source).
Anonymous oil painting portrait, now located at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, of Hürrem Sultan or Roxelana (c. 1510 - April 18, 1558), the wife of Süleyman the Magnificent, known for her charities and engagement in several major works of public building, from Mecca to Jerusalem and in Istanbul. (Source).
From an adjacent room, women attend the preaching of Shaykh Baha'al-Din Veled in Balkh, Afghanistan. Miniature in Jami' al-Siyar, 1600. MS Hazine 1230, folio 112a, Topkapi Saray Museum, Istanbul. (Source).
A Turkish banknote dated 30 August 1995 to celebrate Sabiha Gökçen (1913-2001), the first female combat pilot in the world and the first Turkish aviatrix: (Source). (Source).
A famous signed sketch of Hypatia, included as an insert in Elbert Hubbard's pamphlet Little Journeys to the Homes of Great Teachers, vol. 23, no 4, 1908.
Ruqaya Al Ghasara won the women's 200m final at the 15th Asian Games in Doha in 2006. Gold Medallist Bahraini Ruqaya Al Ghasara prostrating after winning 100m and 200m sprint. (Source)
Professor Nil Sari with her Professorship formal dress.
Asmā-i Nabī calligraphy by Hilal Kazan.
The cover page of Hilal Kazan's book.
The Main gate of Amasya Dar Al-Shifa. The image is depicting Sharaf al-Din Sabuncuoglu, the chief physician of the Dar Al-Shifa, with his two students. © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Illustration of a Seljuk woman, painted by Nil Sari. © Nil Sari.
Rustam's birth from Shahnamah Firdaws (Book of Kings of Firdaws), Türk Islam Eserleri Müzesi Kütüphanesi, 1984, fol. 48a. © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
A Turkish woman with her head wrapped to signify her illness. (Les Portraits Des Différens Habillemens Qui Sont en Usage A Constantinople Et Dans Toute La Turquie, Istanbul: Deutschen Archaologischen Institutes, Tafel 188). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
A woman with a belly wrap (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Département des Estampes, Od. 26-26a). © Nil Sari and Ulker Erke.
Wilkie, Mrs. Young. Source: Ottoman Women - Myth and Reality.
Lewis, In the Bey's Garden. Source: Ottoman Women - Myth and Reality.
Liotard, Turkish Woman in the bath. Source: Ottoman Women - Myth and Reality.
Rogier, Drapers in the Grand Bazaar. Source: Ottoman Women - Myth and Reality.
Researcher Asli Sancar holding her book. (Source
Front cover of Ottoman Women - Myth and Reality published by Aise Asli Sancar (New Jersey: The Light Publications, 2007.)