Figure 1: Location map showing Kerala in India.
Kerala Mathematics and Its Possible Transmission to EuropeLEARN MORE
The Kerala School of astronomy and mathematics was an Indian school of mathematics and astronomy founded by...
Figure 1a-b: Composite images illustrating the diversity of plants. (Source a - Source b).
Botany, Herbals and Healing In Islamic Science and MedicineLEARN MORE
The scholars of Islamic culture worked extensively in the combined fields of botany, herbals and healing....
Figure 1: A banquet given by the commander-in-chief Lala Mustafa Pahsa to the janissaries in Izmit, 5 April 1578. Topkapi Palace Museum Library, MS H1365, fol. 34b.
Food as Medicine in Muslim CivilizationLEARN MORE
The subject of food and diet was very essential in the Islamic Cuisine. Both of them were very important in...
1001 Inventions welcomes 450,000 visitors in JeddahLEARN MORE
Jeddah, KSA, February 16, 2014 – More than 450,000 people visited an award-winning 1001 Inventions exhibition...
Figure 1: Professor Gunhan Danisman.
Obituary: Professor H. H. Gunhan Danisman (1943-2009)LEARN MORE
At the beginning of 2009, we lost our colleague and friend Professor Gunhan Danisman, a member of the Muslim...
Front cover of 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World. Chief Editor Salim al-Hassani; co-editors: Elisabeth Woodcock and Rabah Saoud. Forward by Sir Roland Jackson. Manchester: FSTC, 2006. To buy your copy click here.
1001 Inventions Book Continues its Way in the Media: Two Recent ReviewsLEARN MORE
In the following, we republish two recent and very elogious reviews of 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in...
The Acoustic Space and the muezzin's mahfil in the Suleymaniye Mosque
Figure 2. The Islamic Citadel and the Roman Theatre in Busra.
Figure 3. The bastions and the ditch of the citadel surround the theatre.
Figure 4. The bastion 3 touches the outside walls of the theatre.
Figure 5. The bastion 5 built with stones of pointed surfaces (Souri stones).
Figure 6. The bastion 5-A course of white stone engraved and decorated with variety of plants and engineering ornaments.
Figure 7. Bastion 6-Trunk of columns used in building the bastion.
Figure 8. Bastion 6 - Close up Details.
Figure 9. (from the right)The bastions 10, 9 and 8, and the bridge passing over the ditch between the two bastions 10 and 9.
Figure 10. The machicoulis with continuous openings in the citadel wall.
Figure 11. The lower path northern the stage (the roof is cross vault).
Figure 12. A lower path (the roof is barrel vault).
Figure 13. A lower path with stairs to the upper path.
Figure 14. An upper path between the wall and the bastions of the citadel and the wall of the theatre without any damage.
Figure 15. Section of the water reservoir and the barracks and the supplies store inside the citadel.
Figure 16. The constructions inside the citadel before their removal . We see the stairs of the theatre in good state.
Figure 17. The citadel before the removal of the inner buildings in 1956.
Figure 18. The theater after the removal of the inner Ayyubid buildings
The Mosque of Djenne, Mali