Figure 1. A miniature illustrating the treatment of a patient. Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu. Jarrahiyatu'l-Hâniya. Millet Library, Ali Emiri, Tib 79.
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Muslim medicine is characterised by a high level of experience and critical clinical observation setting...
Figure 2: Al-Fārābi depicted on a postage stamp of Kazakhstan.
Figure 3: Manuscript of Maqalah fi al-jabr wa-al-muqabalah by 'Umar al-Khayyam, hand written manuscript on paper, 56 leaves, copied in Lahore in the 13th century. Property of Columbia University Library, RBML, Smith Oriental, MS 45. (Source).
Figure 4: A scene from the city of Gilan.
Figure 5: The planetarium of al-Khawarizmi Astronomy Complex in Melaka, Malaysia (Source), and in the left top corner the depiction of al-Khawarizmi on a Soviet stamp.
Figure 6: A stamp issued by Iran in 1980, depicting al-Farabi, al-Biruni, and Avicenna. (Source).
Figure 2: The explanation of the rainbow in Aristotle (S = Sun, O = Observer, C = Cloud).
Figure 3: The formation of the primary rainbow.
Figure 4: The formation of the secondary rainbow.
Figure 5: Refraction of the ray from a transparent sphere.
Figure 6: Multi-reflection of a ray.
Figure 7: Multi-refraction of a ray.
Figure 8: The paths of rays in a transparent sphere.
Figure 9: Double refraction of a ray in a transparent sphere.
Figure 10: Double refraction and one reflection of a ray.
Figure 11: Double refraction and double reflection of a ray.