Figure 1. On-line publication of al-Razi's Kitab fi 'l-jadari on the website of the American University of Beirut, Lebanon (p. 1). Source: http://almashriq.hiof.no/ddc/projects/saab/S16R27/index.html.
Al-Razi on Smallpox and MeaslesLEARN MORE
This article by Dr. Abdulnasser Kaadan shows that as early as the 9th century, the well known Muslim...
Figure 6: Front main entrance of Edinburgh Central Mosque. (Image in the public domain).
Pages from a Koran Manuscript from the late 9th-early 10th century (?) Egypt or Syria; brown and red ink, and gold on vellum (H. 27 cm; W. 17.7 cm; gift of Jean Sauvaget, 1946). © Musée du Louvre.
Entertainments in a garden, late 16th century, Iraq, Baghdad, Gouache and gold highlights on paper (Miniature: H. 30 cm; W. 19.5 cm; Sheet: H. 34.5 cm; W. 21 cm; formerly in the Georges Marteau Collection). © Musée du Louvre.
Celestial globe from 539 H/1144-1145 CE, Syria or Iran, engraved brass with silver inlays (Diameter 16.5 cm; purchased 1985). Signed "Yûnus Ibn al-Husayn al-Asturlabî". © Musée du Louvre.
The overview of the astronomical instruments and staff of the Istanbul Observatory with Taqi Al-Din Rasid at work. Source: Shahinshahnāme Istanbul University Library, F 1404, fol. 57a.
The figure of the Sextant (mushabbaha bi'l-monātiq), an important astronomical instrument of Tāqī al-Din. Source: Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 14b.
The figure of Dhāt al-awtār. Source: Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 13b.
The figure of astronomical clock. Source: Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya (T), Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 16a.
Sample extracts form Mustafa b. Ali al-Muwaqqit's I‘lam al-‘Ibād fī A‘lām al-Bilād. Source: Kandilli Rasathanesi El Yazmalari 1: Türkçe Yazmalar, proje sorumlusu: Günay Kut, İstanbul: Boǧaziçi Üniversitesi Yayinevi, 2007, p. 538.
Pīrī Reis' first map presented to Sultan Selim I. Source: Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1824.
The world map from Tarih-i Hind-i Garbī. Source: Beyazit Library, MS 4696.
World Map in Ali Macar Reis' Atlas. Source: Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 644 (1577/3594).