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Lund Astronomical Clock
The genesis of this article lies in a recent visit to the Romanesque cathedral of Lund. While in the cathedral, I walked over to the medieval astronomical clock to await the moving figures and music...
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Top Seven Ingenious Clocks from Muslim Civilisation that Defied the Middle Ages
TIME TELLING MACHINES: Revealing 7 marvellous mechanical and water-powered clocks from early Muslim Civilisation. These sophisticated devices that defied the Middle Ages.
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Sub-Saharan Centres of Learning
Though we may think of Timbuktu as the pre-eminent site of pre-colonial West African scholarship, we must remember that there were other places spanning across the Western and Central Sudan that were...
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Announcement: On New FSTC Historiography
1.     Introduction The 1001 Inventions exhibition and accompanying literature and film have met with success and have been very popular. The...
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Omar Sharif’s final film dedicated to his legacy
Actor Omar Sharif’s final film “1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham” has been dedicated to his legacy. Legendary Oscar-nominated actor Omar Sharif, who died on Friday 10 July 2015 in a...
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The International Year of Light Sheds Light on the Dark Ages
The UNESCO International Year of Light and Light-Based Technologies is a multi-faceted celebration of light in its scientific, technological and cultural context. Central to this has been the...
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The Astronomical Clock of Taqi Al-Din: Virtual Reconstruction
In his book The Brightest Stars for the Construction of Mechanical Clocks (Al-Kawakib al-durriyya fi wadh' al-bankamat al-dawriyya), Taqi al-Din Ibn Ma'ruf analyses the four main types of time...
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Abu al-Wafa al-Buzjanî
Muḥammad Abūʾl-Wafāʾ al-Būzjānī (10 June 940–997 or 998) was a distinguished Muslim astronomer and mathematician, who made important contributions to the development of trigonometry. He worked in a...
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World Environment Day
 World Environment Day 5th June
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1001 Inventions To Partner With China’s Biggest Science Festival
China Science Festival to host “1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham”
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Ode to Ahmad Baba Al-Massufi
Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Takruri Al-Massufi al-Timbukti, otherwise commonly known as Ahmad Baba for short, was a well-known teacher, professor, philosopher, Arabic grammarian and an author of...
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Cairo University Announces Partnership with 1001 Inventions
Cairo University joins 1001 Inventions partners in Egypt 
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FSTC Newsletter Issue 3
A Quarterly Publication issued by the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC), Manchester...
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PICTURE GALLERIES

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Figure 2: The Escapement Mechanism generating incremental movement of the crown wheel.
Figure 3: Novel gravity system introduced as a source to power the clock.
Figure 4: Schematic side view of the main mechanisms in the clock.
Figure 5: Details of the escapement and top view of the pallets.
Figure 6: Schematic diagram of the striking train system.
Figure 7: Count wheel.
Figure 8: Examples of clock housing framework.
Figure 9: Side view of striking train
Figure 10: Examples of levers with ends designed for hooking or engaging the count wheel.
Figure 11: Three dimensional view of the Striking Train.
Figure 12: Schematic diagram of the alarm system.
Figure 13: Front and side view of the dial wheel.
Figure 14: Bird-Dragon mechanism.
Figure 15: Dragon and verge connection.
Figure 16: Configuration of display wheel and view from the front facade.
Figure 17: The great wheel.
Figure 18: Overal mechanism of the clock.
Figure 19: Schematic diagram of the internal workings of the clock.
Figure 20
Figure 21
Figure 22: Close up of the escapement.
Figure 23: Pallets with 120o between them.
Title page of the Colliget of Ibn Rushd and the Thezier AbynZoar, from the manuscript BH MED 23 (Biblioteca Histórica de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid).
Title page of the Arabic edition of Al-Taysir book used in this study.
Title page of the manuscript BH MED 323: The Colliget of Ibn Rushd and the Thezier AbynZoar, namely the Taysir of Ibn Zuhr, preserved in the Biblioteca Histórica de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. This manuscript is edited online in Google Books: (Source).
Pages from the mid-16th century Latin edition of Ibn Rushd and Ibn Zuhr medical treatises: Averroe - Avenzoar, Colliget Averrois Cordubensis libri VII… Eiusdem Averrois commentaria in Avicenna…Eiusdem Averrois tractatus de Theriaca, nunquam antea impressus… Marci Antonii Zimarae Solutiones Contradictionum in dictis Averrois super Colliget. Abimeron Abynzoahar, omnia nunc summo studio diligentiaque emendata. Venetijs, apud Iuntas, 1553. (Source 1 – Source 2).
Pages from the mid-16th century Latin edition of Ibn Rushd and Ibn Zuhr medical treatises: Averroe - Avenzoar, Colliget Averrois Cordubensis libri VII… Eiusdem Averrois commentaria in Avicenna…Eiusdem Averrois tractatus de Theriaca, nunquam antea impressus… Marci Antonii Zimarae Solutiones Contradictionum in dictis Averrois super Colliget. Abimeron Abynzoahar, omnia nunc summo studio diligentiaque emendata. Venetijs, apud Iuntas, 1553. (Source 1 – Source 2).

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