Figure 1. The Umayyad mosque in Damascus. This image has been released into the public domain by its author 'Isaam Bayazidi (at the Arabic Wikipedia project).
When Ridhwan al-Sa’ati Anteceded Big Ben by More than Six CenturiesLEARN MORE
The following article by Abdel Aziz al-Jaraki, a scholar from Damascus, describes the context of the...
The History of Islamic Science in the 23rd International Congress of History of ScienceLEARN MORE
The International Union of History and Philosophy of Science organised in 28 July-2 August 2009 in Budapest,...
Figure 3: Professor Al-Hassani presenting his lecture.
Figure 6: The audience of the Forum listening to the presentations.
Figure 5: View of the audience of the Forum.
Figure 1: The gap of the so-called the "Dark" or "Medieval Ages.
Figure 2: Rehabilitation of a logical continuity in history by eliminating the 1000 years amnesia.
A page from the Latin translation of Euclid's Elements done from Arabic by Adelard of Bath, edited by Giovanni Campano Novarese. Venice: Erhard Ratdolt, 1482. (Source).
Front cover of The Cross and the Crescent: The Dramatic Story of the Earliest Encounters Between Christians and Muslims by Richard Fletcher (Penguin Books, 2005).
A page from the Latin translation of Ibn Rushd's commentary on Aristotle's De Anima (French manuscript, third quarter of the 13th century, Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, MS lat. 16151, fol. 22 (Source) and a page from the transcription in Hebrew letters of Ibn Rusd's Talkhīs kitāb al-nafs li-Aristū (Epitome of the De Anima of Aristotle) (Pappyrus, Saragossa, 1402. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale) (Source).
Figure 2: The colophon and first two pages of Kitāb Nūr hadaqat al-ibsār wa-nūr haqīqat al-anzār. Süleymaniye Library, Collection Laleli, MS 2558, folio 1b-2a.
Figure 3: Ottoman astronomers studying the moon and the stars in a miniature dating from the 17th century at Istanbul University Library. (Source).
Figure 4: Extract from Kitāb Nūr, presenting the title and beginning of the first chapter. Süleymaniye Library, MS Laleli 2558, folio 3v.
Figure 5: Reflection and refraction at the interface between air and water: a ray of light hitting a surface between two isotropic media will generally give rise to a reflected ray and a refracted ray. (Source).
Figure 6: Front cover of a study on Ibn al-Haytham's optics in Turkish by Hüseyin G. Topdemir, Modern Optigin Kurucusu: Ibnü'l Heysem Hayati, Eserleri ve Teorileri (Ankara, 2002).
Figure 7: Front cover of Takiyüddin'in optik kitabi by Hüseyin G. Topdemir (Ankara, 1999).