FEATURED ARTICLES

Daily Sabah: A woman with a past
Taken from www.dailysabah.com/features/2014/07/12/a-woman-with-a-past: Fatima al-Fihri, a Muslim woman activist from the annals of history has been reintroduced to inspire future generations.
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The role of Ibn Sina (Avicenna)’s Medical Poem in the transmission of medical knowledge to medieval Europe
Were you aware that in the Medieval Islamic world, celebrated scientists such as Ibn Sina used to relay their teachings through  poetry? Poems structure and rhythm  aided the process of...
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Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of Empires
The 14th-century historiographer and historian Abu Zayd ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun was a brilliant scholar and thinker now viewed as a founder of modern historiography, sociology and economics....
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The Invention of Spectacles between the East and the West
The following article by the expert scholar Lutfallah Gari surveys the historical sources to uncover the ancient history of the invention of spectacles. To the question "where and when were they...
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Precious Records of Eclipses in Muslim Astronomy and History
On the occasion of the lunar eclipse that occurs on 28 August 2007, we produce a short survey of some records of lunar and solar eclipses reported on in Muslim heritage, drawn from various sources,...
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Rotterdam to host major 1001 Inventions Exhibition
Award-winning show about the scientific achievements of Muslim Civilisation
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The European Muslim Heritage and its Role in the Development of Europe
In a keynote lecture pronounced by Professor Salim T S Al-Hassani in September 2003 at the European Parliament in Brussels, he used slides and 3-D animations to outline the impressive heritage which...
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New Discoveries in the Islamic Complex of Mathematics, Architecture and Art
The complex of disciplines composed of mathematics, architecture and art in Islamic civilisation has been an important field of recent research. The scholars showed the interaction between...
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The Sound Rules in Reading the Quran (Tajwid) in Qutb Al-Din al-Shirazi’s Music Notation
In the Islamic world, starting from Al-Kindī (d. 874), Al-Fārābī (d. 950), Ibn Sīnā (d. 1034), and Safī al-Dīn al-Urmawī (d. 1294) used the abjad notation to write music. Of these writers, the most...
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Dialogue of Civilisations: From Ancient Maya to the Islamic world
As a means to explore ancient civilisations contributions to modern civilisation, the National Geographic Society, The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) and supporting...
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The Mechanical Water Clock Of Ibn Al-Haytham
The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) announces their new achievement in the history of Islamic clocks. For the first time, the work of Ibn al-Haytham on the water...
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President of FSTC with Dick and Dom in "Absolute Genius" CBBC Programme
Scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman and artist Al-Jazari featured on Dick and Dom's "Absolute Genius", Wednesday 26th February at 5:30 pm, CBBC. In a bid to engage pre-school...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Figure 1. Dr. O. Kahl during his speech at 1001 Inventions Conference.
Scientific Transfer and Scholarship in Medieval Arabic Pharmacology
Arabic pharmacology, a branch of scientific literature dealing with the preparation and application of...
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In Appreciation of FSTC
Emeritus Professor Durward J Cruickshank, Fellow of Royal Society and world renowned distinguished scientist...
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PICTURE GALLERIES

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Figure 1b: Armillary sphere of Tycho Brahe. (Source).
Figure 2a: Mural quadrant (libna) of Taqî al-Dîn. Source: Istanbul Topkapi Library, Hazine 452, f. 9a.
Figure 2b: Mural quadrant of Tycho Brahe. (Source).
Figure 3a: Azimuthal semicircle (dhât al-samt wa-'l-irtifâ') of Taqî al-Dîn. Source: Istanbul Topkapi Library, Hazine 452, f. 10a.
Figure 3b: Azimuthal semicircle of Tycho Brahe. (Source).
Figure 4a: Parallactic instrument of Taqî al-Dîn. Source: Istanbul Topkapi Library, Hazine 452, f. 11ba.
Figure 4b: Parallactic instrument of Tycho Brahe. (Source).
Figure 5a: Wooden quadrant of Taqî al-Dîn.
Figure 5b: Wooden quadrant of Tycho Brahe. (Source).
Figure 6: Diopra (dhât al-thuqbatayn).
Figure 7: Instrument with cords (dhât al-awtâr).
Figure 8a: Sextant (mushabbaha bi'l-manâtiq) of Taqî al-Dîn. Source: Istanbul Topkapi Library, Hazine 452, f. 14b.
Figure 8b: Sextant of Tycho Brahe. (Source).
Figure 9: Observational clock.
Figure 10a: Transversal divisions of Al-‘Âmilî.
Figure 10b: Transversal divisions of Tycho Brahe.
Figure 11: Azimuthal quadrant of Nâsir al-Din Tûsî.
Figure 12: Azimuthal Instrument of Ibn Sînâ.
Title page of the Colliget of Ibn Rushd and the Thezier AbynZoar, from the manuscript BH MED 23 (Biblioteca Histórica de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid).
Title page of the Arabic edition of Al-Taysir book used in this study.
Title page of the manuscript BH MED 323: The Colliget of Ibn Rushd and the Thezier AbynZoar, namely the Taysir of Ibn Zuhr, preserved in the Biblioteca Histórica de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. This manuscript is edited online in Google Books: (Source).
Pages from the mid-16th century Latin edition of Ibn Rushd and Ibn Zuhr medical treatises: Averroe - Avenzoar, Colliget Averrois Cordubensis libri VII… Eiusdem Averrois commentaria in Avicenna…Eiusdem Averrois tractatus de Theriaca, nunquam antea impressus… Marci Antonii Zimarae Solutiones Contradictionum in dictis Averrois super Colliget. Abimeron Abynzoahar, omnia nunc summo studio diligentiaque emendata. Venetijs, apud Iuntas, 1553. (Source 1 – Source 2).
Pages from the mid-16th century Latin edition of Ibn Rushd and Ibn Zuhr medical treatises: Averroe - Avenzoar, Colliget Averrois Cordubensis libri VII… Eiusdem Averrois commentaria in Avicenna…Eiusdem Averrois tractatus de Theriaca, nunquam antea impressus… Marci Antonii Zimarae Solutiones Contradictionum in dictis Averrois super Colliget. Abimeron Abynzoahar, omnia nunc summo studio diligentiaque emendata. Venetijs, apud Iuntas, 1553. (Source 1 – Source 2).

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