FEATURED ARTICLES

Daily Sabah: A woman with a past
Taken from www.dailysabah.com/features/2014/07/12/a-woman-with-a-past: Fatima al-Fihri, a Muslim woman activist from the annals of history has been reintroduced to inspire future generations.
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The role of Ibn Sina (Avicenna)’s Medical Poem in the transmission of medical knowledge to medieval Europe
Were you aware that in the Medieval Islamic world, celebrated scientists such as Ibn Sina used to relay their teachings through  poetry? Poems structure and rhythm  aided the process of...
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Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of Empires
The 14th-century historiographer and historian Abu Zayd ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun was a brilliant scholar and thinker now viewed as a founder of modern historiography, sociology and economics....
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The Invention of Spectacles between the East and the West
The following article by the expert scholar Lutfallah Gari surveys the historical sources to uncover the ancient history of the invention of spectacles. To the question "where and when were they...
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Precious Records of Eclipses in Muslim Astronomy and History
On the occasion of the lunar eclipse that occurs on 28 August 2007, we produce a short survey of some records of lunar and solar eclipses reported on in Muslim heritage, drawn from various sources,...
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Rotterdam to host major 1001 Inventions Exhibition
Award-winning show about the scientific achievements of Muslim Civilisation
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The European Muslim Heritage and its Role in the Development of Europe
In a keynote lecture pronounced by Professor Salim T S Al-Hassani in September 2003 at the European Parliament in Brussels, he used slides and 3-D animations to outline the impressive heritage which...
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New Discoveries in the Islamic Complex of Mathematics, Architecture and Art
The complex of disciplines composed of mathematics, architecture and art in Islamic civilisation has been an important field of recent research. The scholars showed the interaction between...
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The Sound Rules in Reading the Quran (Tajwid) in Qutb Al-Din al-Shirazi’s Music Notation
In the Islamic world, starting from Al-Kindī (d. 874), Al-Fārābī (d. 950), Ibn Sīnā (d. 1034), and Safī al-Dīn al-Urmawī (d. 1294) used the abjad notation to write music. Of these writers, the most...
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Dialogue of Civilisations: From Ancient Maya to the Islamic world
As a means to explore ancient civilisations contributions to modern civilisation, the National Geographic Society, The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) and supporting...
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The Mechanical Water Clock Of Ibn Al-Haytham
The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) announces their new achievement in the history of Islamic clocks. For the first time, the work of Ibn al-Haytham on the water...
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President of FSTC with Dick and Dom in "Absolute Genius" CBBC Programme
Scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman and artist Al-Jazari featured on Dick and Dom's "Absolute Genius", Wednesday 26th February at 5:30 pm, CBBC. In a bid to engage pre-school...
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RECENT ARTICLES

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MSIM Presentation
Professor Salim Al-Hassani's highly visual and compelling presentation will assess some of the Muslim...
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PICTURE GALLERIES

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Figure 2: Sextant (mushabbaha bi-'l-manātiq) of Taqī al-Dīn. From Al-Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 14b.
Figure 3: Dhāt al-awtār. From Al-Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 13b.
Figure 4: Observational clock. Source: Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya (T), Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 16a.
Figure 5: Mechanical clock of Taqī al-Dīn. Image taken from Sifat ālāt rasadiya bi-naw'in ākhar. Source: Kandilli Rasathanesi El Yazmalari 1: Türkçe Yazmalar, proje sorumlusu: Günay Kut, Istanbul: Bogaziçi Üniversitesi Yayinevi, 2007, p. 122.
Figure 6: Azimuthal semicircle (dhāt al-samt wa'l-irtifā') of Taqī al-Dīn. Source: Al-Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 452, folio 10a.
Figure 7: Parallactic instrument of Taqī al-Dīn. Source: Al-Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 452, folio 11b.
Figure 8: The quadrant made of rulers of Taqī al-Dīn. Source: Al-Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 452, folio 12b.
Figure 9a-b: Astronomical instruments of Taqī al-Dīn. Images taken from Tafsīr ba'dh al-ālāt al-rasadiyya: Source: Kandilli Rasathanesi El Yazmalari 1: Türkçe Yazmalar, edited by Günay Kut, Istanbul: Bogaziçi Üniversitesi Yayinevi, 2007, 39.
Figure 10: Taqī al-Dīn and his observatory. Source: Al-Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 452, folio 17a.
Figure 11: The dioptra of Taqī al-Dīn. Source: Al-Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 452, folio 13a.
Figure 12: Mural quadrant (libna) of Taqī al-Dīn. Source: Al-Ālāt al-rasadiya li-zīj al-shāhinshāhiyya, Library of the Topkapi Palace Museum, Hazine 452, fol. 452, folio 9a.
Figure 13: The colophon of Tarjumān al-atibbā' wa-lisān al-alibbā', The National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland (MS A75, folio 2a) (Source).
Figure 2: Shlomo Pines (1908–1990). (Source).
Figure 2: The Escapement Mechanism generating incremental movement of the crown wheel.
Figure 3: Novel gravity system introduced as a source to power the clock.
Figure 4: Schematic side view of the main mechanisms in the clock.
Figure 5: Details of the escapement and top view of the pallets.
Figure 6: Schematic diagram of the striking train system.
Figure 7: Count wheel.
Figure 8: Examples of clock housing framework.
Figure 9: Side view of striking train
Figure 10: Examples of levers with ends designed for hooking or engaging the count wheel.
Figure 11: Three dimensional view of the Striking Train.
Figure 12: Schematic diagram of the alarm system.
Figure 13: Front and side view of the dial wheel.
Figure 14: Bird-Dragon mechanism.
Figure 15: Dragon and verge connection.
Figure 16: Configuration of display wheel and view from the front facade.
Figure 17: The great wheel.
Figure 18: Overal mechanism of the clock.
Figure 19: Schematic diagram of the internal workings of the clock.
Figure 20
Figure 21
Figure 22: Close up of the escapement.
Figure 23: Pallets with 120o between them.

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