Figure 1: Extract from Jordanus' De planisphaeri figurationei. Source: http://www.ub.unibas.ch/kadmos/gg/pic/gg0287_009_txt.htm.
The Arabic Sources of Jordanus de NemoreLEARN MORE
The following article by Professors Menso Folkerts and Richard Lorch, from Munich University in Germany,...
Figure 10: The famous photograph "Union Jack Veil" taken by Peter Sanders. The photograph is part of the exhibition The Art of Integration which has been exhibited in 2006-2007 in London and at British embassies in 20 countries (Source).
Representing Islam and Muslims in the Media: An Academic DebateLEARN MORE
In 5-6 September 2008 the Universities of Manchester and Surrey organised in Manchester an international...
Figure 2: A Turkish stamp issued in 1967 to commemorate the 250th anniversary of the first smallpox vaccination. Source: 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World (Manchester: FSTC, 2006, p. 179).
Fig. 3a: Portrait of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (Source);
Fig. 3b: Another portrait of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (Source).
Figure 4: The painting Lady Mary Wortley Montagu with her son, Edward Wortley Montagu, and attendants attributed to Jean Baptiste Vanmour (oil on canvas, circa 1717). © National Portrait Gallery, London: NPG 3924.
Figure 5: Portrait of Edward Anthony Jenner (1749-1823) the English scientist who is widely credited as the pioneer of smallpox vaccine.(Source)
Figure 6: Caricature by the English artist James Gillray (1757-1815) The Cow-Pock or the Wonderful Effects of the New Inoculation! (London, 1802) depicting a vaccination scene at the Smallpox and Inoculation Hospital at St. Pancras, showing Dr. Jenner vaccinating a frightened young woman and cows emerging from different parts of people's bodies. (Source)
Figure 7: On January 1, 1967, the World Health Organisation began the Intensive Smallpox Eradication Program, one of the greatest triumphs in the history of medicine. The WHO employed a strategy of mass vaccination coupled with subsequent surveillance and containment. The disease was declared eradicated and large-scale vaccination ended worldwide in 1980. (Source)
Figure 8: Front cover of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment by Isobel Grundy (Oxford University Press, 1999).
Figure 9: Frontispiece of Lady Montagu's letters: Letters from the Levant, during the Embassy to Constantinople 1716-1718 (London: Joseph Rickerby, 1838). (Source)
Figure 2: HRH The Prince of Wales lecturing on "Islam and the West" at the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies on 27 October 1993. See the full text of the conference. (Source).
Figure 3: Mrs. Carleton S. Fiorina, chairman, president, and CEO of Hewlett-Packard Company (1999-2005). (Source).
Figure 4: Map of the Muslim World around 1400. The geographical extent of the classical Muslim civilisation covers large parts on three continents: Asia, Africa and Europe. (Source).
Figure 5a-b: Did modern Civilisation really rise from nothing? In contrast to the prevalent view in most Western school curricula and media culture, these two diagrams show that the classical Muslim world was the seat of a creative knowledge revolution that lasted for several centuries and was the ferment of European renaissance. See: Salim Al-Hassani Innovation in the Islamic World: Learning from the Past to Design the Future.
Figure 6: Illustration by Al-Biruni of different phases of the moon, from a manuscript of the Persian translation of his astronomy book Kitab al-tafhim li-awa'il sina'at al-tanjim (Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology). To read the English translation online, click here.
Figure 7: Original drawing of the 3rd water raising machine described by Al-Jazari in his Kitab ma'rifat al-hiyal al-handasiya (The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Devices) completed in 1206. See Salim T. S. Al-Hassani and Colin Ong Pang Kiat, Al-Jazari's Third Water-Raising Device: Analysis of its Mathematical and Mechanical Principles. Click here to view the animation of the machine.
Figure 8: Virtual reconstruction of Al-Jazari's third pump by FSTC. (Source). Fig. 9: Drawing of the six-cylinder pump invented by Taqi al-Din ibn Ma'ruf and described by him in 1551 in his treatise Al-Turuq al-saniya fi al-' alat al-ruhaniya (Chester Beatty Library in Dublin, Arabic MS 5232, p. 38). See Salim Al-Hassani, The Machines of Al-Jazari and Taqi al-Din.
Figure 9: Drawing of the six-cylinder pump invented by Taqi al-Din ibn Ma'ruf and described by him in 1551 in his treatise Al-Turuq al-saniya fi al-'alat al-ruhaniya (Chester Beatty Library in Dublin, Arabic MS 5232, p. 38). See Salim Al-Hassani, The Machines of Al-Jazari and Taqi al-Din.
Figure 10a-c: Parallel views of the virtual reconstruction of the pump. To view animations, click here and here. See also Salim Al-Hassani and Mohammed A. Al-Lawati, The Six-Cylinder Water Pump of Taqi al-Din: Its Mathematics, Operation and Virtual Design.
Figure 11: Front cover of the Latin translation of Al-Zahrawi's influential medical book Al-Tasrif liman ‘ajaza ‘an al-ta'lif: Liber theoricae necnon practicae Alsaharavii, edited by Paolo Ricci (Augsburg: Impensis Sigismundi Grimm & Marci Vuirsung, 1519). (Source).
Figure 12a-b: Arabic botanical manuscript from the 15th century arranged in alphabetical order with illustrations of plants in vivid colours at Princeton University Library, MS 583H, © Princeton University Library, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections. See the electronic edition of the manuscript.
Figure 13: The beginning of the first article of Part I of a manuscript of Kitab Al-Tasrif liman ‘ajaza ‘an al-ta'lif by Al-Zahrawi. The page shows his definition of medicine, quoted from Al-Razi, as the preservation of health in healthy individuals and its restoration unto sick individuals as much as possible by human abilities. (Source).
Figure 14: Mr. Paul Van Grembergen, Belgian former minister.
Figure 2: Another portrait of Piri Reis (Source)
Fig. 3a: Two views of the surviving fragment of the first World Map of Piri Reis held at the Topkapi Museum in Istanbul. Drawn in 1513, it is the oldest known map which includes the continent of America. Only half of the original map survives (Source). Fig. 3b: The map, which is drawn on parchment in colour, presented to Selim I in Cairo in 1517. It synthesizes information from twenty maps, including one drawn by Christopher Columbus of the New World (Source).
Figure 4: Surviving fragment of the second World Map of Piri Reis drawn in 1528 showing Greenland and North America from Labrador and Newfoundland in the north to Florida, Cuba and parts of Central America in the south. (Source)
Figure 5: An Ottoman kalyon, a war ship and naval army personnel. (Source: click on Resimler in the left hand menu). See Idris Bostan: Ottoman Maritime Arsenals and Shipbuilding Technology in the 16th and 17th Centuries (January 2007; read also FSTC: introduction to the article).
Figure 6: Digital version and key to the Piri Reis map, with English translation of portions of text. From "The Oldest Map of America" by Afet Inan (Ankara, 1954, pp. 28-34). (Source)
Figure 7: Painting of Sultan Ahmed III and Ottoman bastardas (small war galleys) in Surname-i Vehbi the Imperial Festival Book commissioned in 1720 by Sultan Ahmed III; it was documented by Vehbi whilst the illustrations were made by Levni and his assistants. (Source).
Figure 8: Exquisite drawing of a Goke, an Ottoman war ship. Miniature taken from Katip Celebi's manuscript Tuhfetü 'l-kibar (Topkapi Palace Library, MS R1192). (Source: click on Resimler in the left hand menu).
Figure 9: An interesting map of Europe, Mediterranean sea and North Africa from Kitab-i Bahriye by Piri Reis. (Source).
Figure 10: Map of Crete in Kitab-i Bahriye by Piri Reis (Source: from Kitab-i Bahriye image gallery).
Figure 11: Representation of Venice in Kitab-i Bahriye by Piri Reis (Source: from Kitab-i Bahriye image gallery).
Figure 13: Map of Sicily in Kitab-i Bahriye by Piri Reis (Source: from Kitab-i Bahriye image gallery).
Figure 14: Drawing of Granada in Spain and its surrounding region in Kitab-i Bahriye by Piri Reis (Source: from Kitab-i Bahriye image gallery).
Figure 15: Drawing of the cities of Algiers and Bejaia in Kitab-i Bahriye by Piri Reis (Source: from Kitab-i Bahriye image gallery).