FEATURED ARTICLES

World Book Day 2015 (UK & Ireland)
World Book Day is a yearly event on 5th March, "designated by UNESCO as a worldwide celebration of books and reading, and marked in over 100 countries all over the world"*. On this occasion, we are...
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Eye Specialists in Islamic Cultures
"I invite you... to go back with me 1000 years to consider the fascinating history of the old Arabian ophthalmology which I have studied in the past five years." With these words Julius Hirschberg,...
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The Science of Restoring and Balancing – The Science of Algebra
Muslim contributions in the field of mathematics have been both varied and far reaching. This article by Mahbub Ghani (from the Department of Electronic Engineering at King's College, London...
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Zheng He - the Chinese Muslim Admiral
The Beijing Olympic Games started on Friday 8 August 2008 with a dramatic opening ceremony featuring a cast of thousands performers that celebrated the arts and achievements of China's long history....
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The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey
In this article, Anthony Garnaut, an expert of the Muslim Chinese culture, focuses on the Islamic heritage in China and its relevance to understanding both the evolution of Chinese history and...
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The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters
An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by Muslim Kung Fu, developed throughout history by Muslim Masters, who merged in their endeavour and training between physical and spiritual...
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The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh
Abu `Ali Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Ya'qub Miskawayh (932-1030) is a brilliant intellectual and philosopher of 10th-century Buwayhid Baghdad. His effect on Islamic philosophy is mainly concerned with...
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Architecture of Al-Azhar
Of the many splendours of Egypt, the Al-Azhar stands as a landmark in its architectural and cultural history, marking the beginning of the Fatimid rule and the foundation of its capital Cairo (Al-...
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The Observation Well
Observation wells received much historical interest relating to observatories. In this article Prof. Aydin Sayili describes the history of "observation wells" both in Islamic and European worlds.
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Go Green Week 9-15 February 2015
As Monday 9th February, 2015 until Sunday 15th February, 2015 mark “Go Green Week”, Muslim Heritage has compiled a list of articles regarding environmental sustainability in Muslim...
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FSTC Newsletter Issue 11: January 2015
Dear readers of our Newsletter, Another year has passed and a new one has commenced with more successes and challenges to our noble mission. Professor Gomati and I would like to take this...
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FSTC at Second International Conference in Sharjah
FSTC and CE4tF are very pleased to have participated in the Second International Conference on Arabs’ and Muslims’ History of Science and the eleventh Conference on the Space Sciences and...
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RECENT ARTICLES

The renaissance of astronomy in Baghdad between 9th and 19th centuries
[Note of the editor] This article was originally published as: David A. King, "The renaissance of astronomy...
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BBC Four - The Dark Ages: An Age of Light - The Wonder of Islam
BBC Four: "The Dark Ages have been misunderstood. History has identified the period following the fall of the...
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FSTC President delivers speech at Turkish Innovation Week
President of FSTC, Professor Salim Al-Hassani, was invited to take part in an event entitled the “Turkish...
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The Millennium Anniversary Of Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi
In 2013, the world community of scholars celebrated a millennium after the death in 1013 of the renowned...
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The Suhayl 2014 Vol 13 - International Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation
FSTC is pleased to bring to the attention of readers the availability online of the 2015 volume of the....
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Gleanings from the Islamic Contribution in Agriculture The Islamic tradition of agriculture, whether in the form of the outstanding progress in agriculture production or as a large corpus of farming manuals written in Arabic, is nowadays a subject of interest... Read More >>>
Muslim Contribution to Spanish Agriculture This article describes some of the numerous Muslim contributions to the development Spanish agriculture, including the introduction of new crops, more intensive use of irrigation, soil management... Read More >>>
The Globalisation of Crops As the Muslims advanced, they introduced methods and machinery of the Ancient Near East, and also certain crops which could not have been grown with the typically classical agricultural methods. Read More >>>
Botany, Herbals and Healing In Islamic Science and Medicine The scholars of Islamic culture worked extensively in the combined fields of botany, herbals and healing. Several scholars contributed to the knowledge of plants, their diseases and the methods of growth...  Read More >>>
The Simurgh: A Symbol of Holistic Medicine in the Middle East... This article discusses the view that the simurgh, a mythological bird with supernatural characteristics, was also a symbol of miraculous life and treatment, as related in stories and miniature pictures... Read More >>>
The Simurgh: A Symbol of Holistic Medicine in the Middle East... This article discusses the view that the simurgh, a mythological bird with supernatural characteristics, was also a symbol of miraculous life and treatment, as related in stories and miniature pictures... Read More >>>
Abbasid Gardens in Baghdad and Samarra The love of gardens during the Abbâsid period, whether in Baghdad or in Samarra, was born within the already existing cultural tradition of Mesopotamia, where the art of gardening had been perfected... Read More >>>
Ecology in Muslim Heritage: A History of the Hima Conservation System A hima is a reserved pasture, where trees and grazing lands are protected from indiscriminate harvest on a temporary or permanent basis. It existed in the Middle East before Islam... Read More >>>
Islamic Aesthetics, Gardens and Nature Sensory beauty, whether it be in feats of architecture or calligraphy, has long been a pursuit of Islamic civilisation. Achievements such as the Alhambra pertain to this fact. This article further describes... Read More >>>
1000 Years Amnesia: Environment Tradition in Muslim Heritage In a seminar organised by the Oxford Centre of Islamic Studies in 11 January 2005, aimed at brain-storming the topic of Islam and the Environment, Professor Al-Hassani presented a short overview... Read More >>>
Ecology in Islamic Culture: A Selected Critical Bibliography The studies on the Islamic view of environment protection and the links between Islamic classical culture and ecology knew recently a notable progress, testified by numerous valuable publications... Read More >>>
Environment and the Muslim Heritage The following short article is based on the notes for a speech presented to the Muslim Heritage Awareness Group held at the Royal Society in London, 14 July 2009. The MHAG is a consulting network... Read More >>>
Importance of Culture in Ecological Dialogue Professor Al-Hassani addressed in a keynote lecture the 16th Eurasian Economic Summit organised in Istanbul on 10-11 April 2013. His speech in a session on the "Importance of Culture... Read More >>>
Interview of Professor Al-Hassani in 'The Alchemy of Innovation' In his new book, The Alchemy of Innovation, published in early 2013, Javed Akhtar Mohammed explores, through interviews with several well-known personalities, the different facets of innovation... Read More >>>
Sir Crispin Tickell: "Environment on the Edge" [Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World organised by FSTC, London, 25-26 May 2010]. In this concentrated and well written article, Sir Crispin Tickell... Read More >>>
Knowledge versus Natural Disasters from Arabic Sources The aim of this paper is to investigate the various aspects of preparedness and response to natural disasters in the Arabic speaking lands during the 15th and 16th centuries, with comparison... Read More >>>
Sustainable History, Human Dignity and Trans-Cultural Synergy Dr Nayef Al-Rodhan outlines his theory of history about sustainable history and the dignity of man. He explains how sustainable history is propelled by good governance, which balances the tension between... Read More >>>
Water Management and Hydraulic Technology Water management in all its intricacies, from Andalusia to Afghanistan, was the basis of agriculture, and source of all life. Muslims did much to develop hydraulic technology and deploy water... Read More >>>
Introduction to the Islamic City Islam is seen by many scholars as an urban religion, which favours communal practice on individual worship. Although, piety is the only source of appraisal, it is widely accepted that most... Read More >>>
The Impact of Islam on Urban Development in North Africa This paper seeks to remind readers of the contribution of Islam to the civilisation of the peoples of North Africa by looking at its influence on the urbanisation of the region. The aim is to define... Read More >>>
Anatomy of the Horse in the 15th Century The famous image we find in an Arabic manuscript depicting the "al-faras al-mastuh" (a horse lying on its back) is a clear representative of the degree of progress attained in the Islamic tradition of veterinary... Read More >>>
Animal Care By way of faith, Muslims have a strong regard for the care of animals. This is due to the attention that the Prophet Muhammad gave to the wellbeing and good-treatment of other creatures of God... Read More >>>
Cats in Islamic Culture This article describes the various cultural representations associated to cats in Islamic civilisation and shows examples of the respect, love and understanding with which cats were treated... Read More >>>
Upcoming 2015 Productions of 1001 Inventions Ibn Al-Haytham to be the focus of the International Year of Light 2015:UNESCO partners with 1001 Inventions for 2015 campaign The Scientific Center of Kuwait to Host 1001 Inventions in 2015: Facilitated in Kuwait by the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Science Egyptian Prime Minister Announces 1001 Inventions Programme:  1001 Inventions partners with the Library of Alexandria
Malaysia’s Deputy Prime Minister launched the internationally renowned 1001 Inventions show at the National Science Centre today. The award-winning exhibition, which was declared the world’s best by the European museums Industry in 2011, will welcome visitors at Kuala Lumpur’s Pusat Sains Negara until 30th of June 2014. Read More...
Upcoming 2015 Productions of 1001 Inventions Ibn Al-Haytham to be the focus of the International Year of Light 2015: UNESCO partners with 1001 Inventions for 2015 campaign The Scientific Center of Kuwait to Host 1001 Inventions in 2015: Facilitated in Kuwait by the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Science Egyptian Prime Minister Announces 1001 Inventions Programme:  1001 Inventions partners with the Library of Alexandria
His Highness Dr Shaikh Sultan Bin Mohammad Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Sharjah, inaugurated a 1001 Inventions exhibition on Tuesday 15th April 2014. The interactive 1001 Inventions exhibition themed “Discovering Our Past – Inspiring Our Future” highlights over one thousand years of scientific and cultural achievements made during the Golden Age of Muslim civilization. The exhibition will be open for visitors until May 15 the Sharjah Expo Centre.. Read More...
1001 Inventions announces Brazil Schools Programme and a world-premier science show celebrating the scientific and cultural legacy of Muslim Civilisation in Brazil. Launching in September 2014, the 1001 Inventions Brazil Schools Programme will engage schools across the country with a new range of educational classroom activities and science fairs delivered in partnership with Qatar Museums, the Qatar Brazil 2014 Year of Culture and Brazil's renowned Institute of Butanta. Read More...
1001 Inventions launches award-winning exhibition in Riyadh for a one-month residency. The 1001 Inventions exhibition in Riyadh is a main attraction at Saudi Aramco’s iThra Knowledge Programme – one of the programmes organized by King AbdulAziz Center for World Culture. The exhibition, which was declared the world’s best by the European museums Industry, will be open at the Riyadh International Convention and Exhibition Centre until the 29th of August 2014. Read More...
The exhibition was officially opened by the country’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education, Tan Sri Dato’ Haji Muhyiddin bin Mohd Yassin, who is also the patron of 1001 Inventions in Malaysia, at a lavish ceremony held at the host venue. Read More...
The award-winning blockbuster exhibition 1001 Inventions is to enjoy its Dutch premiere in Rotterdam this summer, as part of a five month residency, at the Post Kantoor venue in the heart of the city. The show, which has welcomed more than five million people on its international tour, introduces visitors to the scientific and cultural achievements of Muslim Civilisation during the thousand year period known as its “Golden Age”. Venue and Location at Post Kantoor, Rotterdam. Opening in 29th August 2014 till 11th January 2015. Read More...
CE4tF will be hosting an event at this year’s British Science Festival in Birmingham. Join us with Professor Jim Al-Khalili and Dr. Andrea Sella as they travel into the past to explore the historical roots and remarkable men and women, behind popular scientific ideas and theories. Using practical demonstrations, Professor Al-Khalili and Dr. Sella introduce you to the historical roots behind various scientific ideas and theories and the scientists, to whom we owe credit for bringing these ideas to light. Witness a demonstration of the finest alchemy and see base metals being turned into ‘gold’, as if by magic! We hope to see you at Journey in the Library of Secrets on Wednesday 10th September 2015,4.00pm at the Lecture Theatre S02, Poynting Physics Building, University of Birmingham. Read More...
The British Science Association has presented the Chairperson of CE4tF, Dr Anne-Maria Brennan, with the Sir Walter Bodmer Award. The Sir Walter Bodmer Award is given to acknowledge the contribution members make by giving up their time to advance the aims of the BSA, which  works to develop links between scientists of all disciplines and the public so that advances in science can be understood. Read More...
FSTC and CE4tF are very pleased to have participated in the Second International Conference on Arabs’ and Muslims’ History of Science and the eleventh Conference on the Space Sciences and Astronomy. The conference was organised jointly with the Arab Union of Astronomy and Space Sciences as part of the scientific and cultural activities in the Emirate of Sharjah, designated as “The City of Sharjah, Cultural Capital of the Muslim World, 2014”. Read More...
We are proud to announce Curriculum Enrichment for the Future is now a registered charity! CE4tF recently received formal confirmation of their new charity status from the Charity Commission. CE4tF will be continuing with our commitment to activities and services aimed at enriching school curricula here in the UK and abroad, with the true and accurate roots of science and history. Read More...
As a means to explore ancient civilisations contributions to modern civilisation, the National Geographic Society, The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) and supporting organisations attended the “Dialogue of Civilisations International Symposium” held in Turkey this May, 2014. Read More...
In June 2014, The Foundation for Science Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) will be hosting a Turkish delegation attending a workshop entitled ‘Women of Science and Management in History’. The two day workshop, 24th and 25th June 2014, follows on from sessions held in Istanbul in October 2013 and is part of a collaborative project between FSTC, UK and the Human Development and Social Education Foundation (iGETEV), Turkey. Read More...
In a bid to shed light on the often overlooked Muslim contribution to the history of science, long-term trustee and supporter of Foundation for Science (FSTC), Technology and Civilisation, Professor Jim al-Khalili, presented the 2014 Voltaire Lecture based on ‘Lessons from the past: science and rationalism in medieval Islam’, Tuesday, April 15th 2014. Read More...
Scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman and artist Al-Jazari featured on Dick and Dom's "Absolute Genius", Wednesday 26th February at 5:30 pm, CBBC. In a bid to engage pre-school children in the sciences, the BBC launched its second series of the CBBC programme, “Absolute Genius”. This week’s featured ‘Genius’ was renowned engineer Al-Jazari, and included an interview with the President of FSTC, Professor Salim Al-Hassani, at the Bodleian Library. Read More...
FSTC announces their new achievement in the history of Islamic clocks. For the first time, the work of Ibn al-Haytham on the water clock (Maqala fi ‘amal al-binkam) is uncovered and edited from two manuscripts. Whilst work is currently  undertaken to produce a critical edition of the text in a book that will be published in 2015, we are proud to publish a glimpse of this pioneering work of Ibn al-Haytham’s contribution on mechanical clocks. Read More...
Greetings! It is our pleasure to welcome you to the new version of our Muslim Heritage website. We have switched it on for a trial period. During the next 3 months we hope to collect visitor’s views to enable us to improve its design, functionality and colour scheme.  Your assistance in providing us constructive criticism will be highly appreciated. Read More...
This critical edition of al-Isfizāri's book deals with the field of mechanics, known in the Arabic scientific tradition as "the sciences of weights and ingenious devices" ('Ilmay al-Athqāl wa-‘l-Ḥiyal). On the basis of the extant manuscripts of Al-Isfizari’s works in these two fields, the book introduces the theory of the "steelyard" and its applications, and extensively describes and provides exhaustive details on a large group of mechanical devices. The critical edition of these works is organized into seven parts, producing the first complete version of Al-Isfizari’s contributions to the fields of theoretical and applied mechanics. Read More...
Curriculum Enrichment for the Future (CE4tF) was delighted to be invited to judge the ISF Annual Inventions Fair, held at the St. Anne’s Library in London. Pupils from years 4, 5 and 6 spent a term researching a Muslim scholar of their choice and recreated their ideas as models, displays, games, plays and quizzes. Read More...
In 2013, the world community of scholars celebrated a millennium after the death in 1013 of the renowned Andalusian physician- surgeon Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis). Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi is considered one of the Muslim World’s greatest doctors who excelled in various fields of medicine, such as surgery, pharmacology, anatomy, and pediatrics. He had summed up his medical experience in his huge thirty chapters book Al-Tasrif Li-man ‘Ajaza ‘An al-Ta’alif (The disposal of medical knowledge to he who is not able to get it by himself). Read More...
President of FSTC, Professor Salim Al-Hassani, was invited as keynote speaker at the “Turkish Innovation Week” in Ankara. This event was organised by the by the Turkish Exporters’ Association named TIM. The main focus of this event was to promote greater levels of entrepreneurship and innovation in Turkey with the main body of attendees at the event being third level students from universities in Turkey. The remainder of the attendees consisted of senior business people with a background in innovation and technology and senior members of the Government. Professor Salim Al-Hassani delivered an inspiring speech entitled A 1000 years of innovation for a New Business Paradigms. Read More...

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