Medicine and Health in Medieval Arabic Poetry: An Historical ReviewLEARN MORE
This review of medieval Arabic medical poetry is based on our study of the two major classical biographical...
Figure 1: Sarajevo skyline. (Source: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=597483&page=66).
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Figure 2: The Balkans region according to Piri Reis in 1513. (Source: www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2012/08/evliya-celebi-early-modern-travel-and.html)
Figure 3: Careva Džamija or "The Emperor's Mosque."
Figure 4: Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque, School, Library complex.
Figure 5: Outer walls of the Bezistan (covered market places) which was destroyed in the siege of Sarajevo, but has since reopened and is once again a trade centre lined with tiny boutiques, cafes and souvenir shops. (Source: www.sarajevofunkytours.com).
Figure 6: The Bezistan is renowned for its haberdashery and craftsmanship. (Source: www.sarajevofunkytours.com).
Figure 7: Inside the contemporary Bezistan. (Source: www.sarajevofunkytours.com).
Figure 8: Domes of the Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque.
Figure 9: Fountain at the Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque.
Figure 10: Interior of the Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque.
Figure 11: Front view, Sarajevo clock tower. (Source: sarajevo.travel/en/things-to-do/sarajevos-old-clock-tower/181).
Figure 12: Close up of the Ottoman clock dial which still displays Arabic numerals so as to guide people for their daily prayers. (Source: sarajevo.travel/en/things-to-do/sarajevos-old-clock-tower/181).
Figure 13: Kuršumlija Medresa, where books/manuscripts used to be held. (Source: www.ghb.ba/index.php/en/about-us/new-building).
Figure 14 & 15: The newly built Gazi Husrev-Begova Library located on Gazi Husrev-Begova street. (Source: www.ghb.ba/index.php/en/about-us/new-building).
Figure 16: The “Kozja ćuprija” (Goat’s Bridge), built in the 16th century in legacy of the grand vizier Mehmed Pasha Sokolović. This single-arch bridge is 42 m in length and is an example of exceptional aesthetics. It is defined by two large round side holes to facilitate the construction and to serve as decoration. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 17: The “Šeher-Ćehaja” Bridge, most likely named after one of Sarajevo’s governors, Ćehaja. It is a standard bridge with multiple arches. Its beauty is reflected in the poles with distinguished pedestals. The buttresses and the accentuated sculptural serves as a protection from the floods. The bridge is 40 metres in length at present, though was originally longer. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 18: Muqarnas from the Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque, Sarajevo. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 19: The 'Latinska ćuprija' or Latin bridge is said to have received its name after the 'Latin mahala' district where merchants from Dubrovnik and other parts of Europe resided. The original bridge was built in the 16th century, but was destroyed in the flood and fully reconstructed in 1798. Sarajevan merchant, Abdullah Briga, left a charity endowment in his will, granting enough means that were used to fund the reconstruction. It stands at 40 metres in length and the bridge only has four arches visible, from the original five. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 20: The Roman Bridge is contested to be one of the most unique bridges from the existing four bridges. Although, the name can be misleading, as the bridge was built in the first half of the 16th century, it is still to be established who exactly built this bridge. Some claim the patron was Rustem Pasha, the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, whilst others argue that it could also have been Semiz Ali Pasha or Gazi Ali Pasha. However, the name is likely to have derived from the ancient Roman road, or what is more likely, by the remnants of stone collected from Roman ruins used in the construction of this bridge. The bridge is 52 metres in length and is an example of extraordinary synergy between architecture and natural environment. (Source: islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/the_ottoman_bridges_in_sarajevo/).
Figure 21: A google doodle honouring Evliya Çelebi’s 400th Birth Anniversary. (Source: http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/teknoloji/17367802.asp).
Figure 22: With the rise of economic and social standards in the early 16th Century, different religious and ethnic communities such as the Orthodox Christian and Jewish communities migrated to Sarajevo en masse. (Source: www.sarajevofunkytours.com).
Figure 23: Sali Shahsivari presenting his lecture in the "1001 Inventions" conference. © FSTC 2010.
Figure 24: The Sebilj Fountain, Baščaršija, Old Town, Sarajevo.